Myanmar is a multi-ethnic federal country. Due to historical and political reasons, since the colonial era, many borderlands are divided into regions to accommodate the majority Burmese group and other ethnic minorities so as to establish a mutual restrained effect among them. This caused Myanmar a lot of political stability issues. However, in the past decade, Myanmar is gradually opening its doors to the world.
There are as many as 135 recognized ethnic groups in Myanmar. The major ethnic group is Bamar (68%). Other ethnic minorities include Shan (9%), Kayin (7%), Yahain (3.5%), Mon (2%) and Kachin (1.5%). In addition, there are early immigrants like Chinese, Indian and Bangladeshis. Myanmar’s official language is Burmese. The ethnic minorities use their own languages. Apart from the Chinese, Chinese language can also be used among the Northern ethnic minorities.